The other main forms of Yoga include:
- Karma Yoga - the way of Action, where one learns to achieve union whilst working or performing tasks;
- Jnana Yoga - the way of Knowledge, in which one achieves self-realization through using one's intellect; and
- Bhakti Yoga - in which one achieves union through religious devotion.
These are not to be considered separate from one another: for example, practitioners of Jnana Yoga may often practice Bhakti Yoga as well, to provide balance; whilst a seminal text on Hatha Yoga clearly says that it is meant to be a preparation for achieving Raja Yoga.
There are also other forms of Yoga which are in reality variations or particular styles of the above-mentioned forms, for example:
- Kundalini Yoga - an advanced form of Hatha Yoga;
- Kriya Yoga - a method of Raja Yoga made most famous by Paramhansa Yogananda in his book Autobiography of a Yogi;
- Various forms of Hatha Yoga which bear the teaching style of their original Guru, e.g.
Of related interest is Tantra, a tradition which derives its authority from ritual texts ("tantras"). The Tantric tradition aims at achieving divine union by uniting sacred masculine and feminine polarities - referred to as Shiva and Shakti - and transcending the same. Tantra uses a wide variety of techniques to do this - including Hatha Yoga, Raja Yoga, etc. However, somewhat pruriently and notoriously, the most widely known Tantric techniques amongst the general public are those which involve sexual intercourse.
- ↑ Svatmarama, Vishnudevananda (ed), 1987, Hatha Yoga Pradipika, Om Lotus Publications, New York.
- ↑ Yogananda, Paramhansa, 1950, Autobiography of a Yogi, Hutchinson, London.